Salaam, I just wanted to know when praying fajr at home do I pray the sunnah as soon as I hear the Adhan then the fard or do I have to preform the iqamah to pray the fard?
Alaikumassalam wa rahmatullah,
The mainstream view is that saying the athān and the iqāma are voluntary acts when praying alone rather than obligatory.1 Therefore when the time for prayer comes in, you can pray the sunna then the farḍ prayer without saying the iqāma. But if you wanted to say the iqāma, then you would follow the same pattern that is followed at the mosque: first pray the sunna (without saying the iqāma), then say the iqāma right before the farḍ.
- Archived link to a fatwa that says so. Archived link to a second fatwa that says the same thing.
And God knows best.
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Very helpful information. Some people are confused while praying sunnah before of after the iqama. Here is the answer for them.