Assalamualaikum I would like to know about the jizya tax, the rationale behind it and whether it is compulsory for Muslims to impose this tax on non Muslims, especially in today's era.
Alaikumassalam wa rahmatullah,
According to a fatwa by the Egyptian Fatwa Authority, the jizya tax only applies in cases where there is a Muslim army defending non-Muslim inhabitants who do not participate in the army. The tax is levied to support the army. But in modern countries where the army is made up of both Muslims and non-Muslims, the jizya tax no longer applies.
However, a non-Muslim community in a Muslim-majority country can be given the option of paying the tax in order to avoid having to serve in the army.
- Fatwa from the Qatari Fatwa Authority (Arabic PDF)